For other uses, see Snake (disambiguation).
Fossil range: Cretaceous - Recent
A coral snak snake
Superfamilies and snale sanke Families
Snakes (from Old smake English snaca, and ultimately from the Proto-Indo-European base *snag- or *sneg-, "to crawl"), znake also known as ophidians, are cold-blooded legless reptiles closely related to lizards, which share the order Squamata. There are anake also several species of legless lizard which superficially resemble snakes, snke but are not otherwise related to them. A snakes on a plane love of snakes is called ophiophilia, a fear of snakes is called ophidiophobia. snakes A specialist in snakes is an ophiologist.
An old synonym for snake is serpent (which comes snake from Old French, and ultimately from *serp-, "to creep"); in snakes on a plane bring it modern usage this usually refers to a mythic or symbolic snake, and information about such creatures can be snake identification found under serpent (symbolism). This article deals with the biology types of snakes of snakes.
- 1 Evolution
- 2 Feeding
- 3 Skin
- 4 Perception
- 5 Internal white snake organs
- 6 Locomotion
- 6.1 "Flying" florida snakes snakes
- 7 Reproduction
- 8 Snake copperhead snake bites
- 9 Venomous snakes
- 10 Evolution corn snake of Snakes
- 11 Snake garter snake charmers
- 12 Snake trapping
- 13 Human consumption of snakes
- 14 Symbolism
- 14.1 Chinese venomous snakes Zodiac
- 15 Films
- 16 See also
- 17 Notes
- 18 References
- 19 External snakes world links
The phylogeny of corn snakes snakes is poorly known due to the fact that snake copperhead snakes skeletons are typically small and fragile, making fossilization unlikely. It new record for worlds largest snake has however been generally agreed, on the basis of morphology, that snakes descended from lizard-like ancestors. Recent cobra starship snakes on a plane research based on genetics and biochemistry confirms this; snakes form a venom coral snake clade with several extant lizard families.
Recent fossil snake eater evidence suggests that snakes directly evolved from burrowing lizards, either varanids or some other group. An early fossil snake, Najash rionegrina, was poisonous snakes a two-legged burrowing animal with a sacrum, fully terrestrial. solid snake One extant analog of these putative ancestors is the earless monitor Lanthanotus of Borneo, although it bull snake also is semi-aquatic. As cobra snake these ancestors became more subterranean, they lost their limbs and became more streamlined for burrowing. Features such as rattle snake the transparent, fused eyelids and loss of external ears, according to this hypothesis, evolved to combat subterranean rat snake conditions (scratched corneas, dirt in the ears). According to this hypothesis, snakes re-emerged onto garter snakes the surface of the land much as they are today. Other primitive snakes are snakes on a plane cobra starship known to have snakes on the plane possessed hindlimbs but lacked a direct connection of the pelvic bones to the vertebrae, including Haasiophis, Pachyrhachis and Eupodophis) which big snakes are slightly older than Najash.
Modern boas do have vestigal hind limbs, tiny, milk snake clawed digits known as anal spurs and used to grasp during mating.
The alternative metal gear solid 3 snake eater hypothesis, based on morphology, suggests rattle snakes that ancestors were related to mosasaurs — extinct aquatic reptiles from the Cretaceous — texas snakes which in turn are thought to have derived from varanid lizards. Under this hypothesis, the fused, transparent eyelids of snakes are thought to garden snakes have evolved to combat marine conditions (corneal water loss through snake pictures osmosis), while the external ears were lost through disuse in an water snakes aquatic environment, ultimately leading to an animal similar in appearance to black snake sea snakes of today. In the Late Cretaceous, snakes re-colonized the how to get rid of snakes land much like they are today. Fossil snake remains are known from early Late Cretateous marine sediments, which is consistent with this hypothesis, particularly identifying snakes as they are older than the terrestrial Najash rionegrina. Similar pictures of snakes skull structure; reduced/absent limbs; and snakes in florida other anatomical features found in both mosasaurs and snakes lead to a positive cladistical correlation, though some snake bites features are also shared with varanids. Supposedly similar locomotion for both groups garden snake is also used as support for this hypothesis. Genetic studies have indicated that snakes are not especially related to monitor snake river lizards, and (it has been snake tattoo claimed) therefore not to mosasaurs, the proposed ancestor in the aquatic scenario of their evolution. However, there is more evidence linking mosasaurs black rat snake to snakes than to anaconda snakes varanids. Fragmentary remains that have been found from the Jurassic and Early Cretaceous indicate deeper fossil records for these groups, which may black snakes eventually refute either hypothesis.
The great diversity of modern cottonmouth snake snakes appeared in the Paleocene, probably correlated with the adaptive snake cages radiation of mammals following the extinction of the dinosaurs.
In a recently published book, Global Warming: The Causes pet snakes and Effects, information suggests that cold hearted snake a rise in only a few degrees of the earth's temperature are causing king cobra snakes snakes, a non-migratory animal, to create migratory patterns to more desirable climates.
Snake eating a snake bite mouse
All snakes are carnivorous, eating small animals including lizards snake tattoos and other snakes, rodents and other small mammals, birds, eggs or insects. Some snakes have a venomous bite snakes on a plane soundtrack which they use to kill their prey before eating it. king snakes Other snakes kill their prey by constriction. Still others swallow michigan snakes their prey whole and alive. Most snakes snakes on plane are very easy to feed in captivity, apart from a minority of species. Read more about snake snake eyes food.
Snakes do not chew their food and have a baby snakes very flexible lower jaw, the two halves of which are not rigidly attached, and numerous other joints in their skull (see pennsylvania snakes snake skull), allowing them to open their mouths wide enough snake woman to swallow their prey whole, even if it is snake on a plane larger in diameter than the snake itself. It is a common misconception that snakes actually dislocate their snakes on planes lower jaw to consume large prey.
After eating, snakes become torpid while the process of digestion takes place. Digestion is an intensive mr snake activity, especially after the consumption of very large water snake prey. In species which feed only sporadically, the entire intestine enters a reduced state between eastern milk snake meals to conserve energy, black snake moan and the digestive system is 'up-regulated' to full capacity within 48 hours of prey consumption. So much metabolic energy is northern water snake involved in digestion that in Crotalus durissus, the Mexican rattlesnake, an viper snake increase of body temperature to as much as 14 degrees Celsius rat snakes above the surrounding environment has been observed. Because snake girl of this, a snake disturbed after having eaten recently will often regurgitate its prey in order to be able to escape the perceived snake drawings threat. However, when undisturbed, snake repellent the digestive process is highly efficient, dissolving and absorbing everything but hair and claws, which are brown snake excreted along with uric acid waste. Snakes have been known to occasionally die from trying to swallow an animal snake repellant that is too big. Snake digestive acids are unable snake art to digest most plant matter, which passes through the digestive system trouser snake mostly untouched.
Snakes do not normally prey on people, but there are instances of snakes for sale small children being eaten by large constrictors in the jungle
. While cartoon snake snakes on a plane phone call some particularly aggressive species exist, most will not attack humans unless startled or injured, preferring instead to avoid snake vore contact. The majority of snakes are either non-venomous white snake here i go again or possess venom that is not harmful to humans.
The skin is covered in scales. Most snakes use specialized belly scales to snake eater mp3 move, gripping snake eating surfaces. The body scales may be smooth, keeled, or granular. Their eyelids are transparent "spectacle" scales which remain permanently closed, called brille. They shed their skin snakes on a plane phone message periodically. Unlike other reptiles, this is snakes on a plane review done in one piece, like pulling off a sock, with the snake rubbing california king snake its nose against something rough, like a rock, for instance, creating a rip in the skin around the nose and snake eggs the mouth until the skin is completely removed. The primary purpose black mamba snake of shedding this is to grow; shedding also removes cobra snakes external parasites. This periodic renewal has led to the snake being a symbol of python snake healing and medicine, as pictured in the snake skin Rod of Asclepius. In "advanced" (Caenophidian) snakes, the broad belly scales and rows of dorsal scales correspond to the snakes on a plane mp3 vertebrae, allowing scientists to count snake game the vertebrae without dissection. If there is not enough humidity in the air while snakes snakes and ladders are shedding their skin, it can be very dangerous for the snake, because the snake charmer dry skin does not shed. Skin that remains attached to the snake can harbour diseases and parasites. A tail tip snake photos that is not removed can constrict as snake river conspiracy the snake grows, cutting off the blood supply to the end of the tail causing it to drop off. A north carolina snakes retained spectacle can cause the coral snakes snake to become blind in the affected eye.
Thermographic image georgia snakes of a snake eating a mouse.
While snake vision is unremarkable (generally being best in arboreal species and snake river mls worst gopher snake in burrowing species), it is able to detect movement. Some snakes, like the Asian vine snake, have binocular vision. In most snakes, the lens snake plant moves back and forth within the snakes on a plane trailer eyeball to focus. In addition to their eyes, some snakes (pit vipers, pythons, and some boas) have infrared-sensitive receptors in deep cotton mouth snake grooves between the nostril and snake river lodge and spa eye which allow them to "see" the radiated heat.
Snakes have no external ears, but they do have a snakes on a plain bone called the quadrate under the skin deadly snakes on either side of the head which focuses sound into the cochlea. Their snakes on a planebring it sense of hearing is most sensitive to frequencies around 200–300 Hz.
A snake smells by using its forked tongue to collect chicken snake airborne particles then passing them to the Jacobson's organ or the Vomeronasal organ in metal gear solid snake eater the mouth for examination. The fork in grass snake the tongue gives the snake a sort of directional sense of smell. The part of common garter snake the body which is in direct contact with the surface of the ground is very sensitive to snake boots vibration, thus a snake is able snakes on a train to sense other animals approaching.
The left pet snake lung is very small or sometimes even absent, as snakes' tubular bodies require all of their organs eastern hognose snake to be long and thin. To accommodate them all, only one lung is green snake functional. This lung contains a vascularized anterior portion and a posterior portion which does not function in gas exchange. This 'saccular largest snake lung' may be used to adjust buoyancy in some aquatic snakes and snake fish its function remains unknown in terrestrial species. Also, many organs that are paired, such baby copperhead snake as kidneys black racer snake or reproductive organs, are staggered within the body, with one located ahead of the other. The most primitive missouri snakes snakes, including boas and pythons, have anal spurs, a pair of claws on either side of the cloaca which are virginia snakes used by the males maryland snakes for stimulation of females during mating.
Snakes utilize a variety of methods of movement which allows them snakes plane substantial mobility in spite of their legless condition. All snakes are capable of longest snake lateral undulation, in which the body is flexed side-to-side, and the flexed sea snakes areas propagate posteriorly, giving the overall shape of a posteriorly propagating sine cobra starship snakes on a plane bring it wave. In addition, all snakes are capable of concertina movement. This method of movement can be used to garder snake both climb trees giant snakes and move through small tunnels. In the case of trees, the branch is grasped by the posterior brown tree snake portion of the body, while the anterior portion is extended. The anterior portion then grasps the branch, and the posterior drawings of snakes eastern garter snake portion is pulled forward. In the case of tunnels, instead of grasping, the body loops are pressed against the tunnel walls to attain snakes on a plane lyrics traction, but the motion is otherwise similar. Another common method of locomotion is rectilinear locomotion, ringneck snake in which the snake remains straight snake river real estate and propels itself via a caterpillar-like motion of its belly-muscles. This mode is usually oklahoma snakes only used by very large, heavy snakes, such water moccasin snake as large pythons and vipers. The most complex and interesting mode is sidewinding, an undulatory motion used to move across slippery snake farm mud or loose sand.
Not all snakes white snake mp3 dwell on land; sea snakes live in shallow tropical seas.
Studies of the motion and muscle activity of moving snakes have shed light on big snake how cartoon snakes each of these modes is achieved.
In terrestrial lateral undulation, posteriorly propagating unilateral waves of muscle contraction occur. The regions of muscle activity for cobra starship - snakes on a plane each side extend from the most concave point on that side posteriorly cobra starship - snakes on a plane bring it to the most convex side. Thus, when a hognose snake point on the snake's body is maximally flexed to the right, the right muscles activate, bending it back to the louisiana snakes left until snake encyclopedia it's maximally right-convex, at which point the right side muscles turn off, and the left side muscles turn on. Speed is milk snakes modulated primarily by alteration of frequency. Aquatic lateral undulation appears superficially similar, but the spiders and snakes muscle activation pattern is different, with the regions of muscle activity being 'shifted' posteriorly to snake tongs where they would be in terrestrial lateral undulation. The snakes of north carolina reasons for this difference are not fully understood.
Sidewinding, though it appears complex and confusing, is actually a timber rattle snake simple modification of terrestrial lateral undulation. bushmaster snake At the points of maximal flexion, the dorsalmost muscle group (traversospinalis group) activates, lifting that jake the snake roberts portion of the body over the ground, and metal gear solid the twin snakes resulting in other portions of the body remaining in static contact. This mode is used to cross slick surfaces such as mud flats and sand, sea snake and snake trap has nothing to do with thermoregulation, as is sometimes erroneously stated. Many species of snake, including species commonly kept as pets snakes on a plane movie and which do not usually encounter deserts or mud flats, will two headed snake sidewind when placed on a slick pennsylvania snake identification floor or tabletop and enticed to move fast.
Concertina locomotion and rectilinear locomotion are less well understood. Studies of muscle activity have only been done for pine snake tunnel snake dancer concertina locomotion, which shows that the muscles are unilaterally active in static regions snake tattoo designs of bending in order to brace the snake against the tunnel walls. Rectilinear is believed to rely on different muscles from the other modes; while black and yellow snakes they all rely on the large epaxial muscles, rectilinear locomotion seems different types of snakes to rely upon the small costocutaneous muscles. However, this has not been verified experimentally, due one eyed snake to the difficulties in rough green snake working with these small muscles.
Several species of snake have snake feces the ability to glide, all being in the genus Chrysopelea. They snake women are quite capable at it, able to travel as far as 13.7 metres through the air. They tend to make slithering motions to steer and help taipan snake propel themselves along, propulsion being baby copperhead snakes something unusual among the many gliding animals. This has contributed, in ancient times, to the belief in Wyrms (Legless, snake-like dragons snakes of florida that could supposedly fly.)
A wide range of reproductive modes are used snakes of virginia by snakes on a plane music video snakes. All snakes employ internal fertilization, accomplished by means of paired, forked hemipenes, which are stored inverted in the male's tail. bring it snakes on a plane Most snakes lay eggs, and of those california snakes most species abandon them shortly after laying; however, some species are ovoviviparous and retain the eggs within their bodies until they are corn snakes for sale almost ready to hatch. Recently, it has been confirmed that fierce snake several species of snake are fully viviparous, nourishing their young through a placenta as well fox snake as a yolk sac, highly unusual among reptiles, or snake attacks indeed anything else outside of placental mammals. Retention of eggs and live snake fangs birth are commonly, but not exclusively, associated with cold environments, as the baby rattle snakes retention of the young within the female allows her to control their temperature north american snakes more effectively than if the developing young were in external eggs.
Documented deaths resulting from snake snake anatomy bites are uncommon in most areas of the world. Only about 450 species of snake eye snakes are venomous (with only about 250 that snake food are able to kill a human), and among the 7,000 Americans bitten by venomous snakes every year, snakes of texas fewer than fifteen die (lightning kills more). See snakebites for more information, including prevention of snake snake clipart bites snakes on a plane song and first aid treatment.
- See also: Snake venom
A venomous snake is a southern ringneck snake snake that uses modified saliva, venom, delivered through fangs in its mouth, to immobilize or kill its prey. (In contrast, most non-venomous cobra snake drawings largest snake in the world species are constrictors which suffocate their prey.) Snake venom can be either a neurotoxin or a hemotoxin. most venomous snakes Neurotoxins attack the nervous system, while hemotoxins attack the snake venom circulatory system. Venomous snakes include several families of snakes and do not constitute a formal classification group used in taxonomy.
If a snakebite should occur, sucking the tube snake boogie georgia snake identification poison from the wound is not to correct course to take. This will merely result in the poison entering your bloodstream through the esophogus.
Venomous snakes kansas snakes that uses heomotoxins usually ohio snakes have their fangs to secrete the poison in the front of their mouths, snakes in maryland making it easier for them to inject the poison into their victims. Snakes that use neurotoxins, such as the highly venomous mangroove snake, texas indigo snakes have their eastern king snake fangs located in the back of their mouths, with the fangs curled backwards. This makes it bot difficult for indigo snake the snake to use its poison and for scientists to milk them.
Evolution of Snakes
A loose snake away joint developed these arms are snakes in the bottom jaw of even the most primitive extinct [snakes.http://coloherp.org/cb-news/Vol-31/cbn-0410/SnakeEvolution.html]
Venomous snakes are generally classified in four taxonomic families:
- Elapids - cobras, king colorado snakes cobras, kraits, mambas, copperheads, and coral snakes.
- Viperids - vipers, rattlesnakes, my pet snake copperheads/cottonmouths, adders and bushmasters.
- Colubrids - boomslangs, tree snakes, vine snakes, anaconda snake mangrove snakes, and many others, though not all colubrids are venomous.
- Hydrophiidae - sea snakes
A snake Charmer in Kochi, India
In some identify snakes parts of the world, especially in India and Pakistan, snake charming is ribbon snake a roadside show performed by a charmer. In this, the snake charmer carries a basket that contains a snake which snakes of alabama he seemingly charms by playing tunes from his flute-like musical instrument, snakes on a plane phone to which the snake responds. However, snakes' sense of hearing is not very alabama snakes sensitive to the range of the charmer's instrument, so they may banded water snake not be able to hear the music at all. Researchers have pointed out garder snakes that many of these snake charmers are good sleight-of-hand artists. The snake moves corresponding to the flute movement and the vibrations most poisonous snake from the snake oil tapping of the charmer's foot which is not noticed by the public. They rarely catch snakes all types their snakes and the snakes are either nonvenomous or defanged snakes on a plan cobras. Sometimes these people exploit the fear of snakes by releasing snakes into the neighbourhood and then offering snake head fish to rid the residence of snakes. Other snake charmers also snakes of north america have a snake and mongoose show, where both the animals have a south carolina snakes mock fight; however, this is not very common, as the snakes, as well as the mongooses, may be seriously injured or here i go again white snake killed.
Snake charming as a profession is now king cobra snake dissuaded in India as a contribution to forest & snake northern brown snake conservation. In fact in some places in India snake charming is banned by law.
Despite the existence of snake charmers, there have also been professional snake catchers or snake id wranglers. The tribals of "Irulas" from Andhra Pradesh and Tamil snake videos Nadu in India have been practicing this art for generations. They generally don't snakes in georgia use gimmicks and with the help of a simple stick catch the snakes from the fields or houses. They 10 most poisonous snakes are also known to eat some of the snakes they catch and are very useful in animated snake rat extermination in bull snakes the villages. Their knowledge of snakes and their behaviour is uncanny. Modern day snake trapping involves a herpetologist using a long jimmy kimmel snake bite stick with a "V" shaped end. Some like the late Steve large snakes Irwin prefer to catch them using bare hands.
At least one tribe of natives uses life cycle of a snake a specialized form of snake catching as a rite of passage to manhood.
The young man of interest will wrap his leg heavily in some type of cloth all the snakes on a plane bring it lyrics way to the inseam. He will sneaky snake then stick his leg in a burrow containing a large python, typically a reticulated texas snake identification python. After the snake swallows most of his leg several other members of the wisconsin snakes tribe will pull him out of the hole along with the snake. The snake is then killed and the australian snakes man's leg removed from the snake. These snakes can be over 20 ft snake head long and it is possible for the man to have his leg dislocated. snake lady The scent of a fear of snakes prey animal may be used to help convince the snake to swallow the leg.
Human consumption of snakes
In some cultures, green tree snake the consumption of snakes is acceptable or even considered a delicacy, prized for its alleged pharmaceutical snake dance effect of warming the heart. Western snake facts cultures document the consumption of snake under extreme circumstances of hunger. However, human consumption of snake meat, especially when viper snakes eaten raw, may lead to dangerous parasitic worm snake infections in humans. Rattlesnake meat is eaten in the western United States somewhat commonly. In Asian countries animated snakes drinking the blood of snakes, particularly the cobra, is believed to increase sexual virility. The blood is buy gourds, snake online drained green snakes while the cobra is still alive when possible, and is usually mixed with some form of liquor to improve the taste.
In Egyptian history, the snake occupies a primary role with the Nile cobra adorning the crown of the pharaoh in ancient times. It was worshipped snake traps as one snakes of indiana of the Gods and was also used for sinister purposes: murder of an adversary and ritual wild snakes suicide (Cleopatra).
In Greek Mythology snakes are often associated biggest snake with deadly and dangerous antagonists. The 9 headed Hydra Hercules defeated and the three Gorgon sisters are bore snake literary examples. Medusa was one of the three Gorgon sisters who Perseus defeated. Medusa is described as a hideous mortal, with dangerous snakes snakes instead of hair and the power to turn men to liquid snake stone with her gaze.
Two medical symbols involving nc snakes snakes that are still used today are Bowl of Hygieia, symbolizing pharmacy, and the Caduceus and snake necklace Rod of Asclepius, which are symbols denoting medicine in snake river resort general.
India is often called the land of snakes and is steeped in tradition regarding snakes. Snakes are worshipped as gods even tiger snake today with many women pouring milk on snake baby garter snake pits (despite snakes' aversion for milk). The cobra is seen best snakes for pets on the neck of Shiva and Vishnu is depicted often as sleeping only on a 7 headed build a snake cage snake. There are also several temples in India solely for cobras sometimes called Nagraj (King exotic snakes of Snakes) and it is believed that snakes are symbols girls with snakes of fertility. There is a Hindu festival called Nagpanchami each year on which day snakes are venerated and prayed life cycle of snakes to.
In Christianity the snake makes its red racer snake infamous appearance in the first book (Genesis) of the Bible when red rat snake a snake appears before the first couple Adam and Eve and tempts them with the forbidden fruit. It snake eats alligator is also seen in Exodus when Moses, as a sign of snake skeleton God's power, turns his stick into a snake; snakes are similarly produced by the pharaoh's magic-practicing priests, but Moses' snake snake swallowing devours them. Later Moses made Nehushtan, a snakes on a plane- cobra starship bronze snake on a pole that when looked at cured the people of bites from the snakes water moccasin snakes that plagued them in the desert. Jesus instucted his disciples to be worlds largest snake be as shrewd as snakes and as innocent as doves.
The Ouroboros is a symbol that albino corn snake is associated with many different religions and customs, ball python snakes and is also claimed to be related to Alchemy. The Ouroboros or Oroboros is a snake cobra starship snakes manifesting its own colon snake tail in a clock-wise direction (from the head to the tail) in the shape of a circle, representing manifestation drain snake of one's own life and rebirth, leading to immortality. The Ouroboros is also associated with the popular manga, gardner snakes Fullmetal Alchemist or Hagane no Renkinjutsushi by Hiromu Arakawa.
Snake belongs to one of the 12 mgs3 snake eater celestial animals of Chinese Zodiac, in the Chinese calendar.
In the chinese zodiac, snake vore story people born in the year of the snake (1917, 1929, 1941, snakes on a plane message 1953, 1965, 1977, 1989, 2001) are meant to be deep. They say little and possess great wisdom. They never have to worry about money; they are tennessee snakes financially copperhead snake bite fortunate. Snake people are often quite vain, selfish, and a bit stingy. Yet they have tremendous sympathy for others and try to metal gear solid snake help those less fortunate. Snake people tend mississippi snakes to overdo, since they have doubts about other people's judgment and prefer to rely on themselves. They rainforest snakes are determined in whatever they snake eater ukulele do and hate to fail. Although calm on the surface, they are intense and passionate. snakes on a plane cobra Snake people are usually good-looking and sometimes have marital problems because they yellow rat snake are fickle. They are most compatible with the Ox and Rooster.
- Snakes on a arizona snakes Plane (2006)
- Venom (2005)
- Harry Potter and the Goblet of Fire (2005)
- Harry Potter and the Chamber of Secrets (2002)
- Anacondas: The Hunt black and yellow snake for the Blood Orchid (2004)
- Anaconda (1997)
- Boa (2000)
- Python (2000)
- Python II
- Boa vs. Python
- Raiders of the Lost brown snakes Ark (1981)
- The Jungle Book (1967)
- King Cobra
- Kill Bill Volume 1 and 2
- Snake King
- Ssss snake
- Snake teeth
- Snake venom
- Snake scales
- Snake skeleton
- Snake (Zodiac)
- Exploding snake
- Snake worship
- Snake Shyam
- Harmful snakes
- List of garter snake photos Serpentes families
- Classification of snakes
- ^ The thermogenesis of digestion in rattlesnakes. Journal of Experimental Biology 207 pp. 579-585. The Company of Biologists (2004). Retrieved on 2006-05-26, snake cartoon 2006.
- Romulus Whitaker (English edition); Tamil translation by O.Henry Francis (1996). நம்மை சுட்ரியுள்ள பாம்புகள் (Snakes around us, snakes eating Tamil). National Book Trust. ISBN 81-237-1905-1.
Wikimedia Commons has media related snakes of pa to:
- Snake Rescue and Reptile Protection in India
- Numerous articles from snakes of south carolina journals on snakes (mainly Australasian)
- Integrated Taxonomic Information System snakes on a plane bring it mp3 Serpentes
- EMBL Database
- the Lancelet: "The serpent beguiles?" Explanation of the current controversy over snake origins in the Cretaceous
- The medicinal baby rattle snake use of snakes in China
- Poisonous snakes and lizards
- Snake Bites - Outdoor chippewa snake boots emergency treatment from Survive Outdoors.
- Snake venom LD50 values
|Chordata - Reptilia - Squamata - Families of Snakes
Acrochordidae- Aniliidae- Anomochilidae- Boidae- Bolyeridae- Cylindrophiidae- Loxocemidae- scarlet snake Pythonidae- Tropidophiidae- Uropeltidae- Xenopeltidae
Anomalepidae- Leptotyphlopidae- Typhlopidae
Atractaspididae- Colubridae- Elapidae- Hydrophiidae- Viperidae
eastern coral snake gardner snake gopher snakes killer snakes leucistic texas rat snake lyre snake man eating snake metal gear solid solid snake midwestern snakes plumber's snake racer snake sidewinder snake snake + repellent snake proof boots
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